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Current situation and outlooks


Compressor station of Saint-Martin-de-Crau

Significant consumption headed in the right direction

  • France is the fourth-largest gas market in Europe, with consumption of around 50 billion Gm3, or 10% of EU demand. 
  • Consumption rose by 11% in 2010, boosted by a cold winter, improved economic activity and electricity production. Eleven gas-fired power stations were in operation at the end of 2010, two of which were connected during the year. A further ten power stations are expected to be activated between 2011 and 201X.

Diversified supplies

98% of France's gas supply is imported:

  • 770% via gas pipelines and
  • 30% via LNG

Its portfolio of suppliers is one of the most diversified in Europe. The largest are Norway, Russia, the Netherlands, Algeria, Nigeria and Qatar.


Enviable gas infrastructures

  • France has the third-largest LNG receipt capacity in Europe, with a regasification capacity of 24 Gm3/year spread across its Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. 
  • Its transmission network is the longest in Europe, with extensive gas interconnections as a result of its borders with five European countries to the north and south, including via Switzerland and Italy. 
  • Its storage capacity is the third-largest in Europe, at over 12 Gm3 of useful volume. This storage capacity secures gas supplies during peak periods and facilitates arbitrage transactions.

A key position

France has both a large domestic market and a high-potential transit market thanks to its remarkable geographical positioning and its powerful and well-distributed infrastructures. The major projects undertaken to further increase LNG receipt capacities, transmission and interconnection reflect its strategic role at the centre of the European gas industry. These investments will improve fluidity between major balancing zones and will facilitate access to booming marketplaces.