Diversifying resources, stimulating competition
- 98% of the natural gas consumed in France is imported in gaseous form and liquefied form (LNG). Europe-wide, imports total over 60% and are expected to top
- 80% in 2030. The deployment of new gas pipelines and new LNG receipt and regasification capacities, the expansion of transmission networks and interconnections between countries are opening up new natural gas routes, which fosters competition for the benefit of consumers.
Major gas infrastructure projects in Europe
Natural gas demand in Europe will exceed 630 billion m3 (Gm3) in 2035, according to the International Energy Agency. With European production below 100 Gm3, imports are set to see strong growth. Europe is preparing for this by expanding its gas infrastructures.
- New LNG import capacities were deployed in 2010 in France and the UK (25 Gm3) and in 2011 in the Netherlands and Italy (15.8 Gm3). Several LNG terminal creation or extension projects are under consideration in Belgium, Italy and France, including the Dunkirk terminal (13 Gm3/year at the end of 2015).
- Two major gas pipelines were deployed in 2011: Medgaz between Algeria and Spain (8 Gm3/year) and Nord Stream between Russia and Germany via the Baltic Sea (27.5 Gm3/year and the same amount by 2013). Other projects are also under consideration: GALSI between Algeria and Italy via Sardinia (8 to 10 Gm3/year in 2015); South Stream between Russia and Europe via Bulgaria (63 Gm3/year at the end of 2015); Nabucco between the Caspian Sea and Europe via Turkey (8 Gm3/year in 2016, 31 Gm3/year subsequently); Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) and Interconnector Greece Italy (IGI) between Greece and Italy (10 Gm3/year for each project).
France at the heart of gas flows
- France is connected by gas pipelines to the north, east and south of Europe. It also has coastlines excellently located for receiving LNG imported from Gulf countries and the Mediterranean and Atlantic basins.
- This exceptional geographical position allows it to receive natural gas transported from the main global production regions and destined for European consumer countries. France also plays a key role in the security of supply of EU Member States at the best cost. The strengthening of its gas infrastructures will enable it to reach its full potential.