The European Union adopted the 3rd Energy Package on 13 July 2009 as part of the deregulation of the European gas and electricity market.
The directive 2009/73/CE of the European Parliament and the Counsel of 13 July 2009 concerning common rules for the internal natural gas market, has been transposed into internal law by the ordinance n°2011-504 of 9 May 2011 codifying the legislative part of the Energy Code.
The 3rd Gas Directive adds to the measures of the 1st Directive of 22 June 1998 and the 2nd Directive of 26 June 2003. Its main objectives are as follows:
- To harmonise the technical and legal frameworks in place in different Member States in order to introduce uniformity in the operating rules for the gas market in Europe.
- To develop interconnected regional markets.
- To implement minimum rules on consumer protection in all Member States.
Two bodies are tasked with carrying out this programme
- ACER, the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators. Tasked with coordinating national regulators, it defines the general framework on European harmonisation.
- ENTSOG*, the association of European gas transmission operators. It is tasked with developing common operating rules - the network codes - in liaison with all market players. It oversees the coordination of investments to ensure Europe's security of supply in the long term. European transmission system operators are required to be a member of the ENTSOG. * European Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas