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La revue soGaz #4
Gas in Focus - 2019 edition
Le Gaz. L'Énergie des Possibles. - 10 new reports to discover

2018 Gas Review

Fall of 5% in gross natural gas demand; demand from industrial customers continueing to grow, increase of the biomethane's sector...

Download the presentation of the press conference -24 January 2019 - french only

At 442 TWh, in 2018 GRTgaz recorded an overall fall of 5% in gross natural gas demand over its transmission network. This reduction is explained by higher temperatures and lower use of gas-fired power generation plants. The demand for gas from industrial customers continued to grow for the 5th consecutive year (+2% in 2018 and +4.4% between 2014 and 2018). Gross demand for public distribution fell by 2% in 2018 but remained stable after correction of climate effects.

An energy still championed by industrial customers

Gas accounts for 37% of industrial energy demand. In 2018, new industrial sites continued to convert oil/coal plants to gas: for example this is true for Saverglass in the glass industry (Feuquières; Oise), Naphtachimie in the chemical industry (Martigues; Bouches-du-Rhône), and Crystal Union in the sugar industry (Villers-Faucon; Somme). The conversions made last year represent a total volume of demand of almost 2.5 TWh. Taken together, conversions carried out since 2012 prevented 2.2 Mt of CO2 emissions in 2018.

Trading Region France (TRF): already visible benefits
Thanks to a single price framework in France, the TRF has allowed industrial consumers in the south of the country to benefit from a price decrease of around €1.4 to €1.9 per MWh, an annualised gain of nearly 80 million euros. The TRF has strengthened the attractiveness of the French gas market: GRTgaz now has an additional 8% shipper customers since its creation on 1st November last. The investments made in the single trading area have also helped strengthen the country’s security of supply, since 42% of additional capacity is now available for gas transmission between the North and South of France.

Biomethane: a still fragile, but very real move towards it in the regions
The industrial deployment of renewable gas is continuing with 76 sites injecting biomethane into the gas networks at the end of 2018 to 714 GWh (+75% compared to 2017), and 661 new projects in the pipeline. This development reflects a real countrywide movement in favour of this renewable energy, which provides concrete solutions with respect to energy policy, agricultural policy, territorial development, waste recycling and the circular economy. After the initial announcements related to the multi-year energy programme (PPE), the methanisation sector is keen to see clarification of the uncertainties related to the injection volume targets, the purchase price and the conditions for launching calls for tender.