logo GRT GAZGRT gaz - build the transport of tomorrow
CONNECT - The educational experience around the gas networks of today and tomorrow
Déclaration de performance extra financière de GRTgaz
Panorama du Gaz renouvelable 2019
La revue soGaz #5

Gas consumption in 2012


GRTgaz saw a +3.2% rise in natural gas consumption (461 TWh in 2012) on its network compared with 2011 (447 TWh).

 Download the Press Release
Check analysis on GRTgaz' system

This overall change in gross consumption does, however, vary according to the profile of consumer connected to the distribution network.

Consumption of gas distribution to the general public (300 TWh) grew by 11.6% compared with 2011, a particularly mild year. 2012 was a more normal year from a climate point of view, except for February, one of the coldest months in more than 50 years.

For twelve days in a row, the average temperature in the areas served by GRTgaz remained very low at around -5°C. On February 8th, a daily consumption peak of 3,405 GWh was reached, corresponding to an instantaneous power demand of 158,000 MW, of which almost 6% was from gas-fired power stations. After climate correction, consumption of gas distribution to the general public (estimated at 301 TWh) remained stable compared with 2011.

The consumption of industrial customers connected to the GRTgaz network (161 TWh), however, saw a drop of -9.5% compared with 2011. The sharp fall in demand for natural gas for the centralised production of electricity (-38%) largely accounts for this change. The level of consumption by industry seen in 2012, similar to 2009, reflects the substantial slowdown in economic activity over recent months in France.

Excluding centralised electricity production, the consumption of industrial customers connected to the GRTgaz network saw a drop of -3.8% compared with 2011. All sectors of activity were affected, with the exception of the glass sector which was still growing and the agri-food sector which was relatively stable.

Furthermore, the quantities of gas transported by the GRTgaz network were virtually identical to those of 2011: 637 TWh, but with different supply scenarios than those of previous years. Over the course of the past year, GRTgaz's transmission system demonstrated its capabilities by offering significant final offer arbitration possibilities to the shippers, even under unusual operating conditions (period of intense cold, sharp fall in LNG receipts).

The wholesale market thus continued its healthy growth with a rise of 15% in trade on the GRTgaz network (514 TWh). The number of shippers using the transmission network also grew, reaching a customer base of 98 companies compared with 89 a year earlier.